Preliminary preparation

It is applied in accordance with basic rules of training timetables.

Definition :
• «it aims at reaching maximum performance in specified moments of the season during competitions» Mr. VERKHOCHANSKY
• «it is the process by which objectives are put into practice»

However, football has very specific conditions, since the training period lasts during the whole term. It is necessary to be competitive for 38 championship days as well as other competitions such as “Coupe de France”, “Coupe de la Ligue” and the European Cups. An international player may well play up to 65 games during the season.

Physical coaches admit that this preparation before the season is quintessential to be competitive during the whole season and that “one must not neglect this preliminary preparation."

- the LENGTH of such preparation can vary according to different countries. In France, it usually lasts about 6 weeks whereas in Italy it usually lasts between 8 and 9 weeks as the Italian championship only starts in September.
- the CONTENT of such preliminary preparation varies depending on various scientific and football cultures, (For instance, in Italy those training sessions are based on bodybuilding exercises whereas in France they consist in running ; some teams usually train at high altitudes while others train at sea level ; some teams have 3 intensive courses whereas others have none ; the number of daily training sessions can also vary between 1 and 3 ; and the number of friendly games will also vary according to the coach, to his expectations concerning recruitment and tactics).

Conclusion :

We can easily see that different trends exist. Neither is there a typical method nor a true way, but only principles to be followed. The best method is the one that enables to win the games and luckily no one has really found it yet !!!

A good technical staff is a staff allowing to optimise the level of physical performances while minimizing the number of injured players. It is essential to reach a compromise between volume and intensity in order to organise training sessions in a logical way. Scientists explain that it is important to find a balance between undertraining and overtraining so as to reach the objectives set.

1. The basis period
During this period, the physical preparation will represent 60 to 70% of the whole preparation, and the rest will be dedicated to tactics and technical training. This period helps shaping the physiological field and building the basis of the pyramid as well as improving the “engine’s” capabilities to last for the whole season. This period is usually spread over 2 weeks.

Main themes :
- Capability aerobe + strength aerobe
- General bodybuilding of upper-body (outdoor training circuit and indoor training)
- Stretching (muscle and tendon flexibility, articulations amplitude)
- Proprioception (coordination with medical staff)
- Evaluation tests of VMA (maximum volume of oxygen consumed)
- Prevention (sleep, dietetics, hydration and recovery in swimming pool)
- Volume > Intensity

Objectives :

- Eliminate excess weight
- Recover breathing ease
- Reshape muscle, tendon and articulation abilities
- Recover breathing and cardio-vascular abilities
- Recover heart rate while running to enable heart rate economy
- To get used to wearing tennis and football shoes (avoid wearing brand new shoes)

It is important to be careful during this basic training period. The training groung must be soft in order to avoid traumatism, flat and in a warm (not hot) environment, so that players do not get blisters or tendonitis. It is important to know that, from a psychological point of view, players are more sensitive to a slow, progressive and individualised start.

2. The specific period
During this period, the physical preparation will represent 40 to 50% of the whole preparation, and the rest will be dedicated to tactics, technical training and friendly games. It will help reinforce the specific movements that will be required during competitions. This period is usually spread over 3 weeks.

Main themes :
- Strength aerobe
- General bodybuilding of upper-body and lower-body (muscle jumps and indoor training)
- Speed-vivacity
- Stretching (draining + recovery)
- Evaluation tests for speed, extension and strength
- Prevention (sleep, dietetics, hydration and recovery in swimming pool)
- Volume > Intensity then volume = intensity

Objectives :

- Psychological and physical acceptance of the imposed training load
- Gaining explosivity
- Recover progressively the ability to achieve the efforts of game situation (blocking, jumping, accelerating and improving frequency of efforts…)
- Strengthen heart rate recovery to improve frequency of efforts
- Progressively manage to bear a 90 minutes game time
This period is essential, since the physical workload is very important and the coach is starting to set up the overall team. The players are very involved and do everything they can to show they can be relied on if they want to be established in the official team. This period requires a wide amount of communication between the technical and the medical staff: a small injury might result in tragic consequences for any player and for the team as the beginning of the championship approaches.

3. The pre-competitive period or “sharpening” week

During this period, the physical preparation will represent 20 to 30% of the whole preparation, and the rest will be dedicated to tactics, technical training and recovery. It often represents the typical week chosen by the coach: the one that is likely to happen during competition time.

Main themes :
- Capability aerobe (oxygenation after specific period)
- Speed-vivacity (recovery time is essential)
- Stretching (draining + recovery)
- Prevention (sleep, dietetics, hydration and recovery in swimming pool)
- 1 daily training
- Volume < Intensity

Objectives :

- Psychological and physical acceptance of the imposed training load
- Gaining vivacity : « short and intensive explosive efforts »
- Tackle the possible medical slight problems (muscle contractures, tendinitis and so on…)
This period is characterised by maximum intensity although the volume is very low (the length and frequency of training being reduced). It enables the coach to sharpen his strategy and the players to recover physical and psychological ease.

Preliminary preparation for the season

Conclusion :

Such preliminary preparation is a very well thought period by the technical staff. There is no chance whatsoever. The great principles of individualisation, progressiveness and alternation are to be respected. Such injuries for any player during this period would be very prejudicial, since the whole preparation would have to be done again from the beginning and the affected player would face the risk of remaining far behind team mates.

Préparation avant saison

La préparation avant saison - - La Préparation physique du footballeur

Préparation avant saison selon Nicolas DYON préparateur physique diplômé par la F.F.F. et l'université de Dijon. Il présente les grandes lignes de la préparation d'avant saison ainsi que les différents paramètres de la performance : le travail aérobie ou l'endurance, la musculation, la vitesse, les étirements, la souplesse et la préparation invisible.
nicolas dyon
periode de preparation physique en football
la vitesse en football
seances intermittents
preparation physique en football
plan preparation physique
preparation physique avant saison
physical training time in football
muscle bulding / power
interval training
renforcement musculaire